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Pugmark-based Population Monitoring Protocol for the Tiger & other Large Felids

Without reliable estimates of tiger numbers, it is not possible to assess whether measures such as bans on the tiger bone trade are effectively reducing tiger losses. Precise, cost effective techniques of population monitoring that can be widely used by field managers are therefore urgently needed.

A commonly used method to determine the population size of big cats is the pugmark technique. It is based on the theory that an individual animal leaves a distinct pugmark (paw print). Plaster casts or photographs of the cats’ pugmarks are taken from their range and then analysed by experts to determine the cat population of the area.

A recent study conducted by the Wildlife Institute of India tried to establish whether tiger pugmarks are an effective way of identifying individual animals, and whether they provide reliable information for monitoring and counting tiger populations.

WPSI is now supporting a follow up study on the viability of the pugmark technique in estimating the size and structure of big cat populations. The project includes field trials of the pugmark method to assess its potential for population monitoring of tigers and three other big cats - the Asiatic lion, the leopard and the snow leopard.

The project aims to develop a cost effective, field-friendly, accurate and replicable monitoring protocol for tigers. At the same time, it is gathering quantitative evidence that the pugmark technique can be used for population monitoring of other big cats.

Sandeep Sharma under the supervision Mr. H.S. Panwar, Ex-director, Project Tiger and Wildlife Institute of India (WII), Mr. V. B. Sawarkar, Director & Dean, WII and Dr. Y.V.Jhala, Sr. Reader, WII is carrying out the project.

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TIGER NEWS


Illegal Tiger Trade: Why Tigers Are Walking Gold, National Geographic,14th Mar, 2014

Green Tribunal pours cold water on construction in Thekkady Tiger Reserve, 12th Mar, 2014

TIGER DEATHS IN 2014
 Mortality                 17
 Poaching &             
 Seizures                    4
___________________
       Total                   21

TIGER DEATHS IN 2013
 Mortality                  38
 Poaching &              42
 Seizures                   
___________________
       Total                    80


TIGER POACHING 1994-2013

WILDLIFE NEWS


 Move to dehorn rhinos draws condemnation, 28th Mar., 2014


PMO pulled out all stops to weaken eco, forest norms, 28th Feb., 2014


LEOPARD DEATHS IN 2014
 Mortality                 59
 Poaching &             41
 Seizures             
___________________
       Total                  100
     

LEOPARD DEATHS IN 2013
 Mortality               217
 Poaching &           110
 Seizures             
___________________
       Total                 327


LEOPARD POACHING 1994-2013


TIGER RESERVES
Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve Map 

Bandhavgarh


 
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