| Database on Tiger Poaching, Trade & Wildlife Crimes
initial investigations into the illegal wildlife trade in India, in the
mid-1990s, revealed that poaching was occurring on an increasingly
organised scale. The same names turned up repeatedly in poaching cases
from distant parts of the country. We realised that careful and
thorough data collection from every poaching case was the key to
apprehending the perpetrators.
WPSI's Wildlife Crime Database currently has recovers of over 20,000 wildlife cases involving more
than 400 species that are targeted by poachers and wildlife traders.
The Database now has information on about 16,000 wildlife criminals
and their associates, along with inter-state wildlife traders,
smuggling routes, new poaching and trade methods, plus other relevant
information. We have identified the worst hit areas and important
trading centres. Data is collected from the all the states and union
territories of India.
The Database also plays a critical role in
exposing the extent of poaching and trade across the country. It has
revealed the level of sophistication and organisation reached by
wildlife criminals and as a result has changed the perception and
knowledge of wildlife crime in India today.
As a result of our
extensive collection of data, we are in a position to make
well-researched recommendations to government agencies about improving
vigilance in vulnerable habitats and about tackling wildlife crime.
Both national and international agencies rely on the WPSI Database for
accurate information. Government organisations, NGOs, the media and
WPSI itself all use the Database to help raise awareness of wildlife
crime and to lobby for support.
Data is received and processed
daily, using specially developed computer software. After verification,
important leads are passed on to government enforcement authorities for
To improve the management, analysis and
reporting of the wildlife crime data, WPSI is now using ‘i2’ software.
The scope of the analysis will be greatly enhanced by the use of this
software and it will help us in identifying changes in the modus
operandi of wildlife criminals, in facilitating crime detection and
strengthening implementation of wildlife legislation, mapping crime in
major species, and disseminating this information for public awareness.
believe that this analysis of wildlife crime in India will acquire a
new dimension along with the extensive information that already exists
in the WPSI Database. This will not only increase the organisation’s
impact on wildlife crime but also productivity by saving time and
In order to manage the large volume of records on
wildlife crime cases available in paper format, as images, legal
documents, slides and soft copies, WPSI is using documentation
management software called ‘Omnidocs’. The management of the huge
amount of data is now streamlined, and it helps us to create a unified
repository for all documents and folders across the organization
including electronic files, paper images and physical documents.