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penchmh

 

Pench Tiger Reserve

State

Maharashtra

Fauna and Flora

Area

Total

664.3 kmē

Pench is of great ecological significance as it represents the floral and faunal wealth of the Satpura-Maikal hill range. An estimated 8 tigers live in the reserve.

Core

211.6 kmē

Buffer

407.0 kmē

Tourism

45.7 kmē

Temperature

14°C - 43°C

Fauna

History

Tiger, leopard, jungle cat, jackal, dhole, hyena, sloth bear, gaur, sambar, spotted deer, blue bull, four-horned antelope, wild boar, barking deer, common langur, pangolin, porcupine, common mongoose, Indian giant squirrel, etc.

Adjoining Pench Tiger Reserve in the state of Madhra Pradesh, this area was declared a National Park in 1974. Pench joined the Project Tiger Network in 1999.

Forest Types

Dry Teak Bearing Forest,
Southern Dry Deciduous Mixed Forest

Funds

Inadequate & delayed

Management Objectives

Staff

Understaffed

To protect, maintain and improve the environment. This includes soil-moisture conservation, and the creation of fire-lines along the borders. Tourism is also being developed.

Problems

Illegal fishing in the Pench reservoir is common and there is some poaching of animals. As in most reserves encroachment by villagers and grazing of livestock is also a problem.

External Influences (1991 census)

Villages

10

Human population

3,700

Livestock numbers

4,100

 

 

 
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