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panna

 

Panna Tiger Reserve

State

Madhya Pradesh

History

Altitude (above M.S.L.)

330 - 540 m

Panna Nature Reserve was created in 1981 and joined the Project Tiger Network in 1994. This area includes the former Gangau Wildlife Sanctuary, which was created in 1975. Previously Panna was used for hunting by the rulers of the princely states of Panna, Chhatarpur and Bijawa

Area

Total

542.7 km

Core

542.7 km

Buffer

Nil

Flora and Fauna

Panna represents the northern boundary of the natural distribution of teak, and the eastern limits of teak-kardhai mixed forests. It also links the eastern and western wildlife populations of the Vindhyan ranges. Over 200 species of birds have been identified. Panna has an estimated 21 tigers.

Temperature

5C - 45C

Rainfall (per annum)

1100 mm

Seasons

Winter

Nov - Feb

Summer

Mar - Jun

Monsoon

Jun - Sep

Fauna

Tiger, jungle cat, leopard, rusty spotted cat, hyena, wild dog, wolf, sloth bear, sambar, spotted deer, blue bull, chinkara, four-horned antelope, porcupine, hare, ratel, tree shrew, long snouted crocodile, mugger, etc.

Forest Types

Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous Dry Teak Forest, Northern Tropical Dry Deciduous Mixed Forest, Dry Deciduous Scrub Forest, Boswellia Forest, Dry Bamboo Brakes, Anogeissus pendula Forest.

Funds

Insufficient & delayed

Management Objectives

Staff

Untrained & understaffed

Environmental protection and habitat improvement are priorities. Weed removal programs are carried out, water sources are being developed, and controlled burning is taking place.

Problems

Illegal fishing is a problem, while the poaching of other animals occurs sporadically. Illicit removal of timber and other forest products, along with wide-spread grazing are the biggest threats. Domestic animals carry disease to the reserve. These include Foot and Mouth, Hemorhagic Septicemia, Black Quarter, Anthrax and Rabies. A national Highway runs through 10 km of the reserve and is responsible for frequent road kills. Mining of diamonds adjacent to the reserve has a serious impact on Panna.

External Influences

(1991 census)

Villages

61

Human population

31,217

Livestock numbers

>30,000

 

 

 
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