was declared a Tiger Reserve in 1974 and
notified as a sanctuary in 1985. The core
of Melgat was established as Gugarnal National
Park in 1987. A large part of the reserve
is currently managed as a multiple-use area.
has offered protection to Melghat in the
form of a rugged topography with only a
few entry points. It is the prime biodiversity
repository of the state. More than 700 plant
species have been listed in this reserve
repository. An estimated 73 tigers are found
Tropical Dry Mixed Forest, dominated by
and habitat management, in terms of biodiversity
conservation and ecological sustainable
community development, is the main concern.
Issues related to man–animal conflict are
also tackled on a priority basis.
and leopards kill 400-500 cattle annually
and frequently injure or kill people. The
rugged terrain makes fire protection difficult
so that approximately 30% of the reserve
is effected by fires every year. Weeds are
a further problem where constant grazing
takes place. More that one third of the
reserve is infested by Lantana and Hyptis.