1870 shift-cultivation prevailed in Kanha and unrestricted grazing was
permitted until 1915. In 1935 the Banjer valley was declared a
sanctuary and in 1955 expanded as a National Park. Kanha belongs to the
initial nine Tiger Reserve that were constituted in 1973.
Flora and Fauna
is an interspersion of flat hilltops, grassy expanses and dense and
riverine forests. The reserve is rich in diversity and has
distinguished itself in saving the Central Indian barasingha from
extinction. This deer species is currently only found at Kanha. An
estimated108 tigers are also found in this Tiger Reserve.
Southern Tropical Moist and Dry Mixed Deciduous Forest,
Peninsular Sal Forests
major objective is to relocate existing settlements, with their
livestock from the core zone. Eco development and anti-poaching are
also important activities.
domestic livestock always risk an outbreak of infectious diseases.
Rinderpest has previously occurred here. Some areas of the forest are
infected by sal borer. Fire incidences have been kept at a minimum and
poaching is taking place, but not on a huge scale.