Chieftain controlled this area until 1950.
The main land use at that time was shift-cultivation.
To conserve the fast disappearing natural
ecosystem, Dampa was declared a Wildlife
Sanctuary in 1974. It was included in the
Tiger Project Network in 1994.
is a biodiversity hotspot with a variety
of flora and fauna of Indo-Malayan origin.
The lower reaches consist of deciduous forests
whereas natural grassland and evergreen
forests are found at higher altitudes. An
estimated 5 tigers are found in this reserve.
- 2500 mm
and warm climate throughout the year with
moderate chill at high altitude during November
management concentrates on habitat improvement
by planting utility tree species and by
developing water holes. Fire lines are being
created as the surrounding villages practice
slash and burn cultivation.
the reserve is located along the Indo-Bangladesh
border, crime is common. Provision of adequate
security to the staff of the reserve is
therefore essential. Human encroachment
along the international border is a constant
threat but currently under control.